31 May 2009
I was amused to read the 29 May 2009 coverage in the Daily Mail which headlined its report "Flying on fruit juice: Jumbo Jet powered by 'plum' biofuel takes to the skies." As I have previously noted, an alternative name for jatropha is black vomit nut (see previous post)!
On 28 May 2009 Arabian Business reported the airline as stating that “Emirates continues to be in regular dialogue with various governments. However, at this stage we have no immediate plans to operate to new gateways in the South Pacific.”
I recall being surprised to see how much advertising for Emirates was around Apia, Samoa, when I visited not that long ago.
Like Hong Kong, Macau has autonomy from the Chinese mainland with respect to its air rights.
Actually we could do with a little global warming here today - as I write this it is hailing again!
Perhaps more interesting from a transport perspective is that Auckland ranks a not so impressive 43rd and Wellington ranks 47th for infrastructure. The top cities on this measure are Singapore and Munich, Germany, and having used their public transport systems I have to agree. A feature of the New Zealand Government's 2009 Budget is a substantial increase in infrastructure spending, including on roading.
The Forbes coverage of this year's results has caused me minor amusement. Choosing one photo for each of the 20 top cities, they somehow managed to feature for Wellington, New Zealand a photograph of Apsley House, the former home of the Duke of Wellington in London, England (ranked 38th for liveability)!
What Lyle proposes would partially solve the problem that Australasian airlines, such as Qantas and Air New Zealand, would face if emissions from major competing airlines such Emirates, Singapore Airlines and Cathay Pacific were treated differently because they come from "developing" countries.
This analysis has been picked up in the summary of the OECD's 2009 Economic Survey of New Zealand which describes the country as "... a small nation on the world’s periphery ..." and having a "... geographic handicap ..." The Survey summary comments that "The small size and remoteness of the economy diminish its access to world markets, the scale and efficiency of domestic businesses, the level of competition and proximity to the world’s technology frontier."
Even before the sharp rise in oil prices last year and signs of protectionism resurfacing with the global economic recession, distance and remoteness do not seem to have died with globalisation (see previous post).
In New Zealand's case we do not negotiate air services arrangements on behalf of the Cook Islands, Niue or Tokelau, even though New Zealand has responsibility for their foreign affairs and defence. Although the Tokelau atolls have no airport we still include in New Zealand's air services agreements a specific exclusion of Tokelau.
UK airlines will not be able to take advantage of the new opportunities created "for security reasons."
22 May 2009
Tourism New Zealand is commenting on the rapidly developing impact on the New Zealand tourism industry (see, for example, this release dated 20 May 2009).
21 May 2009
When releasing the report, UK Business Air Travel: Trends and Characteristics (2.29 MB .pdf), the CAA highlighted the growth in UK short-haul business market share enjoyed by no-frills carriers from 3% in 1996 to around 30% in 2007.
19 May 2009
The numbers of Japanese residents arriving in New Zealand for the same months were -25.6%, -14.3% and -11.8% respectively indicating that New Zealand is losing market share. Tourism New Zealand has market research available on Japan.
17 May 2009
On 24 April 2009 the China Post had reported that the Taiwanese negotiators had been seeking 375 flights per week.
On 1 May 2009 the Taipei Times reported on the implications for the allocation of these rights between Taiwanese airlines.
On 14 May 2009 China Daily reported comments from Hong Kong-based Cathay Pacific (CX) on the implications of the deal for the airline.
On 15 May 2009 the Taipei Times reported that the negotiators had yet to agree to an exchange of overflight (first freedom) rights that would allow Taiwanese airlines to overfly the Chinese mainland enroute to Europe.
15 May 2009
Data from Statistics New Zealand indicate that in the same months, when compared with 2008 numbers, Korean resident arrivals to New Zealand were down -42%, -29% and -19% respectively. Tourism New Zealand has market research available on South Korea NEW.
The six sets of questions the Committee is seeking to address in its inquiry are:
1. What is the value of aviation to the UK economy? What are the roles of the London and regional airports? What competition do they face from abroad?
2. Is the current aviation infrastructure adequate for the needs of UK business and individuals and how should it be developed? What are the implications of future passenger trends and possible mergers in the airline industry?
3. To what extent can rail provide an alternative to short-haul flights?
4. What costs does aviation impose on society and the environment? What are the implications of climate change policy—in particular the Climate Change Act 2008—for the aviation industry and infrastructure?
5. What is the impact of taxation on the aviation sector nationally and regionally? Are passengers adequately protected from the collapse of airlines?
6. What is the impact on the aviation sector of changes in the security environment?The UK Parliament's web site also has a topic page on aviation.
On 17 April 2009 the Brunei Times reported that Cebu Pacific was seeking to take up some of the new rights that are now available.
11 May 2009
On 8 May 2009 the Korea Times had reported the reaction of the Korean airline industry, including this interesting quote:
"'The government is supposed to speak up for its national flag carriers and stand on their side, but the outcome of the talks demonstrates that none of that happened,' said Lim Jae-won, a Korean Air spokesman."
10 May 2009
- HealthMap - also tracks other diseases
- BBC - see the day-by-day spread
- New York Times
- Swine Flu World Map
Ministry of Health.
Clause 17 comes immediately after a heading "Other environmental taxes and duties" (see previous post).
A 7 April 2009 statement from the Government of Jamaica noted concern amongst the Jamaican community in the UK.
A 24 April 2009 story in the Telegraph noted that, because of the way the distance bands are structured (based on the location of capital cities), the Duty would be lower on those travelling to California than the Caribbean. They could have actually used Hawaii as an example, a point made by the Jamaican Minister of Tourism, Edmund Bartlett.
On 27 April 2009 Caribbean 360 reported that the Jamaican Minister of Tourism was to take his concerns to UK Parliamentarians.
On 30 April 2009 Caribbean 360 reported opposition from the Lelei LelauLu President of the Island Nations Climate and Oceans Programme.
The Duty is not hypothecated so the revenue raised does not go to environmental projects.
Reports and commentary on the announcement appeared in the:
A 5 February 2008 post by Frans Vreede on Aviation Law Prof Blog briefly discussed some of the legal aspects. Key to concerns about the legality tax was the interpretation of Article 15 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (the Chicago Convention).
As reported by DutchNews.nl on 17 July 2008, the tax had survived court challenges. The Board of Airline Representatives in the Netherlands (BARIN) gives further details.
The statement also outlines the new Air Safety Agreement between Canada and the European Union.
This is an area where the science is still uncertain but is receiving considerable research attention.
The exact nature of the increase in capacity that was agreed to is not entirely clear from the statement.